WC’s Closing Argument


WC’s fantasy:

Ladies and gentlemen of the jury, the purpose of closing argument is to provide you with a summary of the People’s case challenging the validity of the election of President Donald Trump. My words to you now are not evidence. The evidence is the weeks of testimony you have heard and 300-plus exhibits you have examined. I will summarize for you my understanding of that evidence and what it means.

The People’s claim is that the election of Donald Trump as President of the United States was so tainted by the actions of a foreign power, Russia, as to be invalid.

Consider the evidence:

You heard former Director of National Intelligence James Clapper say the evidence that Russian President Vladimir Putin swung the election to Trump “is staggering.” Within the limits of national security, he provided dozens of specific examples of how the Russians interfered in our national election. He reminded us that fewer than 80,000 votes in Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin decided the contest. He testified that as he wrote in his book released in May, “I have no doubt that more votes than that were influenced by the massive effort by the Russians.”

You have heard evidence that there were thousands of Russian trolls amplifying phony reports like the fiction that Pope Francis endorsed Trump, all intended to influence whether and how Americans voted.

You heard Kathleen Hall Jamieson, a leading scholar of communications and its effect on American politics provide specific data in support of the case that Russian interference in 2016 was a decisive factor for Trump. She testified, “The Russian trolls and hackers created message imbalances, the former in social media, the latter in news, that helped Donald Trump and hurt Hillary Clinton. The use that the mainstream and conservative media made of the Russian hacking of the Democrats’ emails altered the news and debate agendas in ways that past election research would suggest were significant enough to change the outcome.”

You heard the same evidence that was presented to the grand jury that indicted 12 Russian hackers. You heard about the tens of millions of dollars spent by Russia over several years to build a broad, sophisticated system that would and did influence American opinion. You learned of a number of instances where events and demonstrations were organized by Russians posing as Americans on social media. These accounts aimed to get people to do specific things. And you heard evidence that some people did.

You heard testimony and saw documents showing that in early October, 2015, almost immediately after a video surfaced in which Trump bragged about groping women, WikiLeaks released its first leak of emails from the account of Clinton’s campaign manager, John Podesta. You learned this happened on a Friday afternoon, not the best time to leak a story if the object is to get attention; the intent was almost certainly to deflect attention from the Trump video. You heard testimony that the 12 Russian operatives under indictment by Special Counsel Robert Mueller committed given to Wikileaks.

You heard testimony from representatives of the American intelligence agencies who  concluded in a public report that the purpose of the Russian activities was to was to help Trump.

You know what you have seen and what you have heard. You know the narratives pushed by the Russian information operation made it to all of our ears and eyes.

The presented in during this trial makes proves to that it was more likely than not that the Russian efforts to influence our elections were successful, that those actions changed the outcome of the election. Making Donald Trump’s election so tainted as to be invalid.

The people of America ask you, the jury, to declare Donald Trump’s election to be void.

Thank you for your attention, and God save the people of the United States.

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