About the 3% of Papers Denying AGW


Famously, some 97-98% of peer-reviewed climate science papers confirm the existence and impacts of Anthropogenic Global Warming (AGW). In at least three separate studies that arrive at that number. One of those studies involved review of almost 12,000 papers. By any measure, the overwhelming consensus among scientists is that the planet is warming dramatically and…

Credit: International Union of Concerned Scientists

ExxonMobil, Truth and Corporate Responsibility


WC has written before about ExxonMobil’s detestable two-faced conduct.1 On the one hand, its own scientists established the scientific certainty of anthropogenic climate change (AGW); on the other, it bought “advertorials” – advertisements disguised as opinion pieces – in the New York Times and other national newspapers, disputing and denying the reality its own scientists had…

Clark's Nutcracker with Whitebark Pine Seed, Snowbank Mountain, Idaho

Nutcrackers – Not the Kind You’re Thinking – and Mutualism


Mutualism is the way two organisms of different species each benefits from the activity of the other. The different species could exist independently of each other, but have evolved a relationship by which both benefit. The Whitebark Pine (Pinus albicaulis) is a high altitude pine tree, whose range includes the Idaho batholith. In those latitudes, it only…