"Running from the Wolves," Adolf Baumgartner-Stoiloff, 1890(?)

Wolves


WC’s first encounter with a wild wolf came in Denali National Park – then called Mt. McKinley National Park – in the upper Sanctuary River Valley. WC had led a small group of young Boy Scouts up there on a camping trip. Refuge Valley, the West Fork of the Sanctuary River, is beautiful, an easy…

J. R. Simplot Grand View CAFO, westerly side, March 2020

The Biggest CAFO in the United States


Just north of Grand View, Idaho, on the Snake River, where Idaho State Highway 167 drops south into the Snake River Canyon, you can find the largest concentrated animal feeding operation – CAFO – in the United States. Bisected by Highway 167, you smell it a long time before you see it. The stench of…

A recent clear cut on Clearcutting, Prince of Wales Island in Southeast Alaska. Lands (Colin Arisman / Wild Confluence Media)

A Badly Needed Win


WC can trace his environmental activism to a specific event. Working on the R/V Acona, for the Institute of Marine Science, in 1967, WC was doing biological oxygen determinations (BODs) on water samples from Silver Bay, near Sitka. BODs are a measure of the dissolved oxygen in a water sample that is available to support…

Greater Sage Grouse on a lek, southcentral Idaho

A Modest Win for the Greater Sage Grouse


The Greater Sage Grouse is in big trouble. AS WC has written here before, populations of the iconic bird have plummeted from an estimated 16 million to less than half a million. The primary cause of the population crash has been habitat loss. Back in 2015, a painfully negotiated settlement among the stakeholders would have…

An undated photo showing an aerial view of the Red Dog Mine, in Alaska's Northwest Arctic Borough. (EPA)

Why Commissioner Brune Is Wrong


The Environmental Protection Agency released its 2018 Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) earlier this month, part of the EPA’s TRI National Analysis. Since 1986, the TRI has reported the release of substances that carry a material risk of hurting humans or the environment upon which humans depend. The TRI is information. It is data. That’s all.…

Wisdom and her chick on Midway Atoll NWR. Photo credit: Ann Bell/USFWS

Introducing Wisdom


Among birders, at least, one of the most famous individual birds in the world is Wisdom. Wisdom is a female Laysan Albatross, a species that spends almost all of its life at sea. Wisdom comes to shore on Midway Island, near the center of the Pacific Ocean, only to breed. Wisdom is the oldest banded…