Waimea Canyon from the lower lookout, Kauai, Hawai'i

Erosion Always Wins: Kauai


In WC’s Geomorphology class, on the first day, the professor (whose name WC has forgotten) told us, “If you only take one thing away for this course, it should be this: Erosion always wins.” If you need proof of that claim, you should visit Kauai, the oldest of the principle islands of the Hawai’ian Islands.…

Red-vented Bulbul, O'ahu, Hawai'ian Islands

Birding O’ahu: The Introduced Songbirds


Many of O’ahu’s native bird species are gone. The Polynesians and westerners brought in too many invaders: pigs, rats, mongoose, cattle, goats, chicken and, worst of all, avian malaria-transmitting mosquitoes. Island ecologies are notoriously fragile. and the Hawai’ian Islands proved to be no different. Today, native bird species, especially O’ahu’s amazing songbirds, are mostly gone.…