Coloured scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Clostridium tetani endospores and vegetative cells, Gram-positive, anaerobic, endospore-forming, rod prokaryote.

Children Are Not Property


At the start of WC’s legal career women and children were still property of men in many states. Women have made great progress in erasing that historic detritus. Kids, not so much. And no where is it more evident than in the childhood vaccine debates. If a parent mistreats his or her children, the state…

Influenza victims crowd into an emergency hospital near Fort Riley, Kansas in this 1918 file photo (AP Photo/National Museum of Health)

Another Unhappy Centennial


The centennial of the end of World War I was observed with all due ceremony, even if President Trump embarrassed himself and the United States by his churlish behavior. World War I killed perhaps 16 million people, counting both soldiers and civilians. A nearly unimaginable number. But it wasn’t even the worst disaster of 1918.…

Medical Expenses: An Illustration


Mrs. WC’s dad was born in 1923. Mrs. WC recently came across the receipt for the medical bill for his birth. So Mrs. WC’s father, Larry, had total hospital expenses of $62.00. That’s in 1923 dollars, of course. Adjusted for inflation, it would be $887.53. But that’s not today’s price; it’s not even close. Today, the…